Dr. Pradyumna R carefully evaluate your conditions and symptoms associated to your knee pain and knee injuries, based on the diagnostic report and scan he would suggest if so, you are a candidate for Total Knee Replacement procedure, he is an highly experienced knee treatment specialist provides diagnosis as well as surgical and nonsurgical treatment options at Bangalore Orthopaedic Clinic, in BTM Layout, Bangalore.

If you have any queries or would like to schedule an appointment for total knee replacement surgery or knee pain or knee injury treatment consultation please call +919113025188.

A total knee replacement (total knee arthroplasty) is a surgical procedure used to replace the painful and worn-out surfaces of the knee joint with an artificial prosthesis. Total knee replacement is a surgical procedure to relieve pain, improve function and help you return to everyday activities.
The most common reason for total knee replacement surgery is osteoarthritis. Other health conditions that cause knee damage include: rheumatoid arthritis and posttraumatic arthritis.

Total knee replacement surgery is commonly performed by orthopedic surgeons to relieve moderate to severe pain and disability when conservative treatments have not worked.

A surgeon makes an incision down the center of the knee, around 8 to 10 inches long, and cuts through deeper tissue, including the quadriceps tendon, and flips over the kneecap to access the femur and tibia. (Minimally invasive procedures use smaller incisions and minimally invasive surgical techniques.)

A total knee replacement (TKR) is a surgical procedure in which the arthritically damaged areas at the top of the tibia and bottom of the femur are surgically removed. The top of the tibia and bottom of the femur are reshaped to fit their new prostheses. Physicians use either a metal jig or computer assistance to precisely line up their cuts. The back of the kneecap, or patella, may be resurfaced and an implant attached for it to glide against its new joint. For patients who had this surgery, patella resurfacing does not provide better results than tissue repair in improving pain, strengthening muscles, walking ability, joint motion, and/or knee function over time.

The spacer is a thin, flexible cushion that’s attached to the surfaces of the new tibia and femur. It serves as a shock absorber, protecting against friction caused by movement.

The surgeon flexes and extends the leg during the fitting process to ensure that the components are properly placed and that the motion of the new knee joint is smooth.

The surgeon straightens each bone to create proper alignment and stitch the ligaments in place. The cement is then injected into the joint to hold the prosthesis together.

During surgery, the surgeon will repair or realign the damaged cartilage, ligaments, and other deep tissue. The skin incision is stitched after all of the work is done.

After the Total Knee Replacement procedure, you will be taken to a recovery area for a few hours while the surgical anesthesia wears off. After the Total Knee Replacement procedure, you will be taken to a recovery area for a few hours while the surgical anesthesia wears off.

After resting for some time, you will be seen by a physical therapist, and if deemed appropriate you could be discharged home on the day of surgery. If though, you are not deemed safe for discharge on the day of surgery, you will be admitted to a hospital room where you will spend 1 to 2 days before being discharged.

Your recovery will begin as soon as you wake up from surgery. Your surgeon will do necessary checkup and suggest physical therapist will instruct you on specific exercises to strengthen your leg and restore knee movement. Knee immobilizers are used to stabilize the knee. You will be able to walk with crutches or a walker.

Physical therapists use immobilizers to aid in the healing process, as well as CPM machines that move your joints through their normal range of motion while you are resting.

Your physical therapist will also provide you with a home exercise program to strengthen your thigh and calf muscles.

With any major surgery, risks and complications may be present. Possible injuries that may occur from total knee replacement surgery include:
    • Stiffness
    • Infection
    • Blood clots
    • Nerve and blood vessel damage
    • Ligament injuries
  • Loosening of the implant

Following an operation, your surgeon will provide instructions for your recovery. He or she will explain what signs and symptoms to watch for, and when you should contact the surgeon’s office.

For more information on Total Knee Replacement, Partial Knee Replacement, or Knee resurfacing and the treatment options available, please call +919113025188. Dr. Pradyumna R, Orthopaedic knee specialist serving BTM Layout, Bangalore City.